EN 12198-1:2000+A1:2008

Safety of Machinery – Assessment and reduction of risks arising from radiation emitted by machinery – Part 1: General principles

This standard deals with the emission of radiation from machinery. This European Standard gives advice to manufacturers for the construction of safe machinery, if no relevant C-type standard exists. This radiation emission may be functional for processing or may be undesirable. The issues of electromagnetic compatibility are not addressed in the standard. This European Standard is intended to give advice to C-type standardization groups, on how to identify radiation emissions or fields, how to determine their significance and intensity, how to assess the possible risks and what means may be used to avoid or reduce radiation emissions. This advice should be elaborated in C-type standards for specific classes of machines as assessable requirements. This standard deals with the emission of all types of electromagnetic non-ionizing radiation. Ionizing radiation may be dealt with in other documents or in the future revisions. This standard does not deal with the emission of laser radiation. Radiation sources fixed to a machine which are used only for lighting are excluded from the scope of this standard. This standard applies to machinery as defined in clause 3.1 of EN 292-1:1991.

Pages: 28

EN ISO 13732-1:2008

Ergonomics of the thermal environment – Methods for the assessment of human responses to contact with surfaces – Part 1: Hot surfaces

This part of ISO 13732 provides temperature threshold values for burns that occur when human skin is in contact with a hot solid surface. It also describes methods for the assessment of the risks of burning, when humans could or might touch hot surfaces with their unprotected skin. This part of ISO 13732 also gives guidance for cases where it is necessary to specify temperature limit values for hot surfaces; it does not set surface temperature limit values. This part of ISO 13732 deals with contact periods of 0,5 s and longer. It is applicable to contact when the surface temperature is essentially maintained during the contact (see 4.1). This part of ISO 13732 is applicable to the hot surfaces of all kind of objects: equipment, products, buildings, natural objects, etc. For the purposes of simplification, it mentions only products; nevertheless, it applies to all other objects as well. It is applicable to products used in any environment, e.g. in the workplace, in the home. It is applicable to hot surfaces of products that may be touched by healthy adults, children, elderly people and also by people with physical disabilities.

Pages: 37

EN ISO 11688-1:2009

Acoustics – Recommended practice for the design of low-noise machinery and equipment – Part 1:Planning

This International Technical Report is an aid to understanding the basic concepts of noise control in machinery and equipment. The recommended practice presented here is intended to assist the designer at any design stage to control the noise of the final product. Methodical development of products was chosen as a basis for the structure of this document (see Clause 4). The list of design rules given in this International Technical Report is not exhaustive. Other technical measures for reducing noise at the design stage may be used if their efficacy is identical or higher. To solve problems going beyond the scope of this International Technical Report, the designer can refer to the bibliography in Annex D, which presents the general state of acoustic handbooks at the time of publication. Furthermore, reference is made to the numerous technical publications dealing with acoustical problems.

Pages: 25

EN ISO 11554:2008

Optics and photonics – Lasers and laser-related equipment – Test methods for laser beam power, energy and temporal characteristics

This International Standard specifies test methods for determining the power and energy of continuous-wave and pulsed laser beams, as well as their temporal characteristics of pulse shape, pulse duration and pulse repetition rate. Test and evaluation methods are also given for the power stability of cw-lasers , energy stability of pulsed lasers and pulse duration stability. The test methods given in this International Standard are used for the testing and characterization of lasers.

Pages: 18

ISO 11553-1:2008

Safety of machinery – Laser processing machines – Part 1: General safety requirements

This part of ISO 11553 describes hazards generated by laser processing machines, as defined in 3.2, and specifies the safety requirements relating to radiation hazards and hazards generated by materials and substances. It also specifies the information to be supplied by the manufacturers of such equipment. Requirements dealing with noise as a hazard from laser processing machines are not included in this part of ISO 11553. They will be included in a subsequent amendment. This part of ISO 11553 is not applicable to laser products, or equipment containing such products, which are manufactured solely and expressly for the following applications: – photolithography; – stereolithography; – holography; – medical applications (per IEC 60601- 2-22); – data storage.

Pages: 16

EN ISO 11252:2008

Lasers and laser related equipment – laser device – Minimum requirements for documentation

This International Standard specifies the minimum documentation and information for marking and labelling, to be provided with laser devices (including laser diodes). The documentation is presented on two levels: as a technical data sheet (Clause 5 ) and as an instruction manual (Clause 6). This International Standard does not apply to laser products which incorporate la ser devices. It also does not apply to laser devices manufactu red before the date of publication of this document. Requirements on noise are not included in this standard. These requirements will be included in a subsequent amendment.

Pages: 9

EN ISO 11200:2009

Acoustics – Noise emitted by machinery and equipment

Provides brief summaries of the basic Standards for determining emission sound pressure levels from all-types of machinery and equipment, at work stations and other specified positions, and gives guidance on the process of selection of which is appropriate to any particular type. The guidance given applies only to airborne sound, and is for use in the preparation of noise test codes, and also for use in noise testing where no noise test code exists. It is important that specific noise test codes for various types of machinery and equipment be established and used in accordance with the requirements of these basic standards. Such standardized noise test codes will give detailed requirements on mounting and operating conditions for the particular family to which the machine under test belongs, as well as the location of the work station(s) and other specified positions as prescribed in these standards. The data so obtained may also be used for the declaration and verification of emission sound pressure levels as specified in ISO 4871.

Pages: 13

EN ISO 11145:2008

Optics and photonics – Lasers and laser related equipment – Vocabulary and symbols

This International Standard defines basic terms, symbols and u nits of measurement for the field of laser technology in order to unify the terminology and to arrive at clear definitions and reproducible tests of beam parameters and laser-oriented product properties.

Pages: 29