Low Voltage Directive

[custom_headline type=”left” level=”h2″ looks_like=”h3″ accent=”false”]Low Voltage Directive[/custom_headline]

Number: 2014/35/EU

Official Title:
DIRECTIVE 2014/35/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 26 February 2014 on the harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of electrical equipment designed for use within certain voltage limits

The Low Voltage Directive covers all electrical equipment and components designed for use with a voltage rating of between 50 and 1000 V for alternating current and between 75 and 1500 V for direct current. The Low Voltage Directive defines which products fall within its field of application, it provides the essential (safety) requirements that electrical equipment and components covered by it must comply with, and it outlines the conformity assessment procedure the manufacturer must apply in order to ensure compliance with the essential requirements.


[custom_headline type=”left” level=”h3″ looks_like=”h5″ accent=”false”]Which Products Are Covered By The
Low Voltage Directive 2014/35/EU?[/custom_headline]

The Directive applies to all electrical equipment designed for use with a voltage rating of between 50 and 1000 V for alternating current and between 75 and 1500 V for direct current. Voltage ratings refer to the voltage of the electrical input or output, not to voltages that may appear inside the equipment.

The term “electrical equipment” is not defined in the Directive. Therefore it is to be interpreted according to the internationally recognised meaning of this term. The definition of electrical equipment in the “International Electrotechnical Vocabulary of IEC” (International Electrotechnical Commission) is:

“item used for such purposes as generation, conversion, transmission, distribution or utilisation of electrical energy, such as machines, transformers, switchgear and controlgear, measuring instruments, protective devices, wiring material, current-using equipment.”

The scope of the Directive includes both electrical equipment intended for incorporation into other equipment and equipment intended to be used directly without being incorporated.
Examples of products within the scope of the LVD Directive:
[icon_list_item type=”arrow-right”]Socket outlets 230 V for domestic use[/icon_list_item]
[icon_list_item type=”arrow-right”]Luminaire plugs and socket outlets for domestic use[/icon_list_item]
[icon_list_item type=”arrow-right”]Appliance couplers –plugs, -outlets[/icon_list_item]
[icon_list_item type=”arrow-right”]Appliance couplers for industrial purposes[/icon_list_item]
[icon_list_item type=”arrow-right”]Appliance couplers e.g. vehicle heater i.e. manufacturer fabricated standard[/icon_list_item]
[icon_list_item type=”arrow-right”]Cables[/icon_list_item]
[icon_list_item type=”arrow-right”]Components[/icon_list_item]
[icon_list_item type=”arrow-right”]Cord extension sets Plug + cable + socket outlet with or without passive components[/icon_list_item]
[icon_list_item type=”arrow-right”]Cord sets and interconnection cord sets Plug + cable + cord set[/icon_list_item]
[icon_list_item type=”arrow-right”]Installations enclosures and conduits[/icon_list_item]
[icon_list_item type=”arrow-right”]Multiple travel adaptors[/icon_list_item]
[icon_list_item type=”arrow-right”]Multiple travel adaptors with supply (e.g. charger for mobile phones or music player)[/icon_list_item]
[icon_list_item type=”arrow-right”]Plug with one or more socket outlets with incorporated electronic dimmer or twilight dimmer[/icon_list_item]
[icon_list_item type=”arrow-right”]Product with integrated plug and/or outlets. 230V for domestic use (e.g. charger for mobile phones, night lights)[/icon_list_item]
[icon_list_item type=”arrow-right”]Switches for households and similar fixed electrical installations[/icon_list_item]
[icon_list_item type=”arrow-right”]Voltage detector[/icon_list_item]


[custom_headline type=”left” level=”h3″ looks_like=”h5″ accent=”false”]Which Products Are Not Covered By The Low Voltage Directive 2014/35/EU?[/custom_headline]

[icon_list_item type=”arrow-right”]Electrical equipment for use in an explosive atmosphere[/icon_list_item]
[icon_list_item type=”arrow-right”]Electrical equipment for radiology and medical purposes[/icon_list_item]
[icon_list_item type=”arrow-right”]Electrical parts for goods and passenger lifts[/icon_list_item]
[icon_list_item type=”arrow-right”]Electricity meters[/icon_list_item]
[icon_list_item type=”arrow-right”]Plugs and socket outlets for domestic use[/icon_list_item]
[icon_list_item type=”arrow-right”]Electric fence controllers[/icon_list_item]
[icon_list_item type=”arrow-right”]Radio-electrical interference[/icon_list_item]
[icon_list_item type=”arrow-right”]Specialised electrical equipment, for use on ships, aircraft or railways, which complies with the safety provisions drawn up by international bodies in which the Member States participate.[/icon_list_item]


[custom_headline type=”left” level=”h3″ looks_like=”h5″ accent=”false”]How to Comply with the Low Voltage Directive 2014/35/EU:[/custom_headline]

The Low Voltage Directive places the responsibility to perform conformity assessment on the manufacturer: the manufacturer performs the conformity assessment and documents the assessment in his own right. Typically, the conformity assessment entails visual inspections and tests in accordance with European harmonized standards. Where the manufacturer is not able or willing to do the assessments himself, he may involve thirds party bodies. There are no special requirements for these bodies. However, the manufacturer may want to ensure the body has competence regarding the tests and assessments it conducts.


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Text of the Low Voltage Directive:

List of European harmonized standards that pertain to the Low Voltage Directive:



[custom_headline type=”left” level=”h3″ looks_like=”h5″ accent=”false”]European Harmonised Standards Related to Low Voltage Directive:[/custom_headline]

Coming Soon…


[custom_headline type=”left” level=”h3″ looks_like=”h5″ accent=”false”]The Latest Related Blog Posts About the Low Voltage Directive:[/custom_headline]

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