Directive 2011/65/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 8 June 2011 on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment.
RoHS stands for Restriction of Hazardous Substances. RoHS can be pronounced “Ar, Oh, Ach, Es” or like “rose.”
- Lead (Pb)
- Mercury (Hg)
- Cadmium (Cd)
- Hexavalent chromium (Cr6+): Used in chrome plating, chromate coatings, and primers
- Polybrominated biphenyls (PBB): Flame retardant in plastic
- Polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE): Flame retardant in plastic
According to Wikipedia, “The maximum permitted concentrations in non-exempt products are 0.1% or 1000 ppm (except for cadmium, which is limited to 0.01% or 100 ppm) by weight. The restrictions are on each homogeneous material in the product, which means that the limits do not apply to the weight of the finished product, or even to a component, but to any single substance that could (theoretically) be separated mechanically—for example, the sheath on a cable or the tinning on a component lead.”
Which Products Are Covered By The RoHS Directive?
- Large household appliances.
- Small household appliances.
- IT & Telecommunications equipment (although infrastructure equipment is exempt in some countries)
- Consumer equipment.
- Lighting equipment—including light bulbs.
- Electronic and electrical tools.
- Toys, leisure, and sports equipment.
- Medical devices (exemption removed in July 2011)
- Monitoring and control instruments (exemption removed in July 2011)
- Automatic dispensers
- Other EEE not covered by any of the categories above
Which Products Are Not Covered By The RoHS Directive?
- (a) equipment which is necessary for the protection of the essential interests of the security of Member States, including arms, munitions and war material intended for specifically military purposes;
- (b) equipment designed to be sent into space;
- (c) equipment which is specifically designed, and is to be installed, as part of another type of equipment that is excluded or does not fall within the scope of this Directive, which can fulfil its function only if it is part of that equipment, and which can be replaced only by the same
specifically designed equipment;
- (d) large-scale stationary industrial tools;
- (e) large-scale fixed installations;
- (f) means of transport for persons or goods, excluding electric two-wheel vehicles which are not type-approved;
- (g) non-road mobile machinery made available exclusively for professional use;
- (h) active implantable medical devices;
- (i) photovoltaic panels intended to be used in a system that is designed, assembled and installed by professionals for permanent use at a defined location to produce energy from solar light for public, commercial, industrial and residential applications;
- (j) equipment specifically designed solely for the purposes of research and development only made available on a business-to-business basis.
The Restricted Substances and Maximum Concentration Values:
- Lead (0,1 %)
- Mercury (0,1 %)
- Cadmium (0,01 %)
- Hexavalent chromium (0,1 %)
- Polybrominated biphenyls (PBB) (0,1 %)
- Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE) (0,1 %)
- Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) (0,1 %)
- Butyl benzyl phthalate (BBP) (0,1 %)
- Dibutyl phthalate (DBP) (0,1 %)
- Diisobutyl phthalate (DIBP) (0,1 %)
How to Comply with the RoHS Directive:
Other articles that may be of interest
- Machinery Directive – 2006/42/EC
- Low Voltage Directive – 2014/35/EU
- EMC Directive – 2014/30/EU
- Medical Devices Directive – 93/42/EEC
- Personal Protective Equipment Directive – 89/686/EEC
- Construction Products Regulation – Regulation (EU) No 305/2011
- Pressure Equipment Directive – 97/23/EC
- REACH – Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006
- Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive – 2012/19/EU
- ATEX Directive – 2014/34/EU
- Toy Directive – 2009/48/EC
- R&TTE Directive – 1999/5/EC
- Recreational Craft Directive – 94/25/EC
- Active Implantable Medical Devices Directive – 90/385/EEC
- Explosive for Civil Use Directive – 93/15/EEC
- Noise Emission in the Environment Directive – 2000/14/EC
- Gas Appliances Directive – 2009/142/EC
- Lifts Directive – 1995/16/EC
- Pyrotechnic Directive – 2007/23/EC
- Measuring Instruments Directive – 2004/22/EC
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