Low Voltage Directive
DIRECTIVE 2014/35/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 26 February 2014 on the harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of electrical equipment designed for use within certain voltage limits
The Low Voltage Directive covers all electrical equipment and components designed for use with a voltage rating of between 50 and 1000 V for alternating current and between 75 and 1500 V for direct current. The Low Voltage Directive defines which products fall within its field of application, it provides the essential (safety) requirements that electrical equipment and components covered by it must comply with, and it outlines the conformity assessment procedure the manufacturer must apply in order to ensure compliance with the essential requirements.
Which Products Are Covered By The
Low Voltage Directive 2014/35/EU?
The Directive applies to all electrical equipment designed for use with a voltage rating of between 50 and 1000 V for alternating current and between 75 and 1500 V for direct current. Voltage ratings refer to the voltage of the electrical input or output, not to voltages that may appear inside the equipment.
The term “electrical equipment” is not defined in the Directive. Therefore it is to be interpreted according to the internationally recognised meaning of this term. The definition of electrical equipment in the “International Electrotechnical Vocabulary of IEC” (International Electrotechnical Commission) is:
“item used for such purposes as generation, conversion, transmission, distribution or utilisation of electrical energy, such as machines, transformers, switchgear and controlgear, measuring instruments, protective devices, wiring material, current-using equipment.”
The scope of the Directive includes both electrical equipment intended for incorporation into other equipment and equipment intended to be used directly without being incorporated.
Examples of products within the scope of the LVD Directive:
Which Products Are Not Covered By The Low Voltage Directive 2014/35/EU?
How to Comply with the Low Voltage Directive 2014/35/EU:
The Low Voltage Directive places the responsibility to perform conformity assessment on the manufacturer: the manufacturer performs the conformity assessment and documents the assessment in his own right. Typically, the conformity assessment entails visual inspections and tests in accordance with European harmonized standards. Where the manufacturer is not able or willing to do the assessments himself, he may involve thirds party bodies. There are no special requirements for these bodies. However, the manufacturer may want to ensure the body has competence regarding the tests and assessments it conducts.
European Harmonised Standards Related to Low Voltage Directive:
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- Medical Devices Directive – 93/42/EEC
- Personal Protective Equipment Directive – 89/686/EEC
- Construction Products Regulation – Regulation (EU) No 305/2011
- Pressure Equipment Directive – 97/23/EC
- REACH – Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006
- RoHS – Restriction of Hazardous Substances – Directive – 2011/65/EU
- Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive – 2012/19/EU
- ATEX Directive – 2014/34/EU
- Toy Directive – 2009/48/EC
- R&TTE Directive – 1999/5/EC
- Recreational Craft Directive – 94/25/EC
- Active Implantable Medical Devices Directive – 90/385/EEC
- Explosive for Civil Use Directive – 93/15/EEC
- Noise Emission in the Environment Directive – 2000/14/EC
- Gas Appliances Directive – 2009/142/EC
- Lifts Directive – 1995/16/EC
- Pyrotechnic Directive – 2007/23/EC
- Measuring Instruments Directive – 2004/22/EC
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