Recreational Craft Directive (94/25/EC)

Number: 94/25/EC

Official Title:
Directive 94/25/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 June 1994 on the approximation of the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States relating to recreational craft.

Description:
Directive 94/25/EC was published on the 16st of June 1994, and it came into force 20 days later..

The Recreational Craft Directive (94/25/EC, as amended by Directive 2003/44/EC) is intended to ensure a high level of safety for users, as well as regulate exhaust and noise emissions of certain types of engine-propelled recreational craft. The Directive aims to harmonise the rules governing the sale of recreational craft within the EU.

 


 

Which Products Are Covered By The Recreational Craft Directive (94/25/EC)?

This Directive applies:

  • (a) with regard to design and construction, to:
    (i) recreational craft and partly completed boats;
    (ii) personal watercraft;
    (iii) components referred to in Annex II when placed on the Community market separately and when intended for installation;
  • (b) with regard to exhaust emissions, to:
    (i) propulsion engines which are installed or specifically intended for installation on or in recreational craft and personal watercraft;
    (ii) propulsion engines installed on or in these craft that are subject to a ‘major engine modification’;
  • (c) with regard to noise emissions, to:
    (i) recreational craft with stern drive engines without integral exhausts or inboard propulsion engine installations;
    (ii) recreational craft with stern drive engines without integral exhausts or with inboard propulsion installations which are subject to a major craft conversion and subsequently placed on the Community market within five years following conversion;
    (iii) personal watercraft;
    (iv) outboard engines and stern drive engines with integral exhausts intended for installation on recreational craft;
  • (d) for products falling under (a)(ii), (b) and (c), the provisions of this Directive shall only apply from the first placing on the market and/or putting into service after the date of entry into force of this Directive.

For the purposes of this Directive the following definitions apply:

  1. ‘recreational craft’: any boat of any type intended for sports and leisure purposes of hull length from 2,5 m to 24 m, measured according to the harmonised standard, regardless of the means of propulsion; the fact that the same boat could be used for charter or for recreational boating training shall not prevent it being covered by this Directive when it is placed on the Community market for recreational purposes;
  2. (b) ‘personal watercraft’: a vessel less than 4 m in length which uses an internal combustion engine having a water jet pump as its primary source of propulsion and designed to be operated by a person or persons sitting, standing or kneeling on, rather than within the confines of, a hull;
  3. (c) ‘propulsion engine’: any spark or compression ignition, internal combustion engine used for propulsion purposes, including two stroke and four-stroke inboard, stern-drive with or without integral exhaust and outboard engines;

 


 

Which Products Are Not Covered By The
Recreational Craft Directive (94/25/EC)?

  • (i) craft intended solely for racing, including rowing racing boats and training rowing boats, labelled as such by the manufac- turer;
  • (ii) canoes and kayaks, gondolas and pedalos;
  • (iii) sailing surfboards;
  • (iv) surfboards, including powered surfboards;
  • (v) original historical craft and individual replicas thereof designed before 1950, built predominantly with the original materials and labelled as such by the manufacturer;
  • (vi) experimental craft, provided that they are not subsequently placed on the Community market;
  • (vii) craft built for own use, provided that they are not subse- quently placed on the Community market during a period of five years;
  • (viii) craft specifically intended to be crewed and to carry passen- gers for commercial purposes, without prejudice to paragraph 3(a), in particular those defined in Council Directive 82/714/ EEC of 4 October 1982 laying down technical requirements for inland waterway vessels (1), regardless of the number of passengers;
  • (ix) submersibles;
  • (x) air cushion vehicles;
  • (xi) hydrofoils;
  • (xii) External combustion steam powered craft, fuelled by coal, coke, wood, oil or gas;
  • (i) propulsion engines installed or specifically intended for instal- lation on the following:
    — craft intended solely for racing and labelled as such by the manufacturer,
    — experimental craft, provided that they are not subsequently placed on the Community market,
    — craft specifically intended to be crewed and to carry passengers for commercial purposes, without prejudice to paragraph 3(a), in particular those defined in Directive 82/ 714/EEC, regardless of the number of passengers,
    — submersibles,
    — air cushion vehicles,
    — hydrofoils;
  • (ii) original and individual replicas of historical propulsion engines, which are based on a pre-1950 design, not produced in series and fitted on craft referred to in paragraph 2(a)(v) and (vii);
  • (iii) propulsion engines built for own use provided that they are not subsequently placed on the Community market during a period of five years;
    (c) with regard to paragraph 1(c):
    — all craft referred to in point (b) of this paragraph,
    — craft built for own use, provided that they are not subsequently placed on the Community market during a period of five years.

 


 

How to Comply with the Recreational Craft Directive (94/25/EC):

The Recreational Craft Directive offers two ways to perform conformity assessment:

1. Internal Production Control or CE marking self-certification: the manufacturer performs the conformity assessment and documents the assessment in his own right. Only permitted for craft in design category D & craft in category C with LH<12m. 2. Involvement of a Notified Body in the other cases.

 


 

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European Harmonised Standards Related to Recreational Craft Directive (94/25/EC):

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